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. (March 2009)
Moscow metropolitan area (Russian: Московская агломерация) or Moscow capital region (Russian: Московский столичный регион) is the largest metropolitan area in Russia and Europe, with population of around 20 million. It consists of the city of Moscow and parts of the surrounding Moscow Oblast.
The related terms Moscow region (Russian: Московский регион - Moskovsky region) or Moscow and the Oblast (Russian: Москва и область) describe of the combined territories of the city of Moscow and the whole of Moscow Oblast. These are used in meteorology, geography, aviation, transport, broadcasting, telecommunications, business, etc. In politics, government, organizations and small business, according to the Constitution of Russia, there are two separated federal subjects of Russia with their governments, parliaments and own law. De jure there is no united Moscow region.
Structure and population estimation
Moscow metropolitan area includes the city of Moscow, population 12,197,596, a ring of cities annexed to it and administered within (Balashikha, Korolyov, Krasnogorsk, Khimki, Mytishchi and Zelenograd), as well as large nearby towns with population of over 100,000 citizens (Reutov, Zheleznodorozhny, Podolsk and Lubertsy, to name a few) that fall under regional administration. Administratively, all those towns are a part of the Moscow Oblast. The metropolitan area has thus no coordinated administration structures, and no official population statistics.
The population of the Moscow region is the sum of populations of the city (12,500,123) and surrounding oblast (7,504,339), coming to 20,004,462 – about 13.6% of the entire Russian population.
As of 2018GDP of Moscow metropolitan area was ₽21.6 trillion($815 billion in Purchasing power) and $40,000(in PPP).
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Coordinates: 55°40′00″N 37°30′00″E / 55.6667°N 37.5°E