A periodization of capitalism seeks to distinguish stages of development that help understanding of features of capitalism through time. The best-known periodizations that have been proposed distinguish these stages as:
- Early / monopoly / state monopoly capitalism (Sweezy)
- Free trade / monopoly / finance capitalism (Hilferding)
- Early capitalism (primitive accumulation) / colonialism / imperialism (Hobson, Lenin, Bukharin)
- Extensive stage / intensive stage / late capitalism (Aglietta)
The Marxist periodization of capitalism into the stages: agricultural capitalism, merchant capitalism, industrial capitalism and state capitalism.
Another periodization includes merchant capitalism, industrial and finance capitalism, and global capitalism.
- ^ Rutherford, Donald. Routledge Dictionary of Economics. pages 70
- ^ Dunning, John H. global capitalism at bay? pages 49
- ^ Dunning, John H. Making Globalization Good. page 181
- ^ Davis Jerome. Capitalism and Its Culture. page 12
- Aglietta, Michel, Régulation et crises du capitalisme, Kalmann-Lévy, Paris, 1976