The 1934 Thrace pogroms (Turkish: Trakya Olayları, Ladin: Furtuna/La Furtuna, "Thrace incidents" or "Thrace events") refers to a series of violent attacks against Jewish citizens of Turkey in June and July 1934 in the Thrace region of Turkey. According to Corry Guttstadt, a "crucial factor" behind the events was the 1934 Turkish Resettlement Law passed by the Turkish Assembly on 14 June 1934.
Some have argued the acts were initiated by the articles produced by Pan-Turkist ideologists like Cevat Rıfat Atilhan and Faik Kurdoğlu in Millî İnkılâp (National Revolution) magazine and Nihal Atsız in Orhun magazine. One researcher accepted Atilhan's role, but argued that Atsız doesn't have any possibility to interfere in such an act, as Orhun involved only two articles about Jews and both of them were published after Atsız resettled to İstanbul.
The incidents preceding the pogrom has started in Çanakkale on the second half of June 1934.
The pogroms occurred in Tekirdağ, Edirne, Kırklareli, and Çanakkale, and were motivated by anti-Semitism.
It was followed by vandalizing of Jewish houses and shops. The tensions started in June 1934 and spread to a few other villages in Eastern Thrace region and to some small cities in Western Aegean region. At the height of violent events, it was rumoured that a rabbi was stripped naked and was dragged through the streets shamefully while his daughter was raped.
The government of Mustafa Kemal failed to stop the pogrom. In the context of the 1934 Turkish Resettlement Law, foreign diplomats of the time saw the government as implicitly supporting the Thrace pogrom in order to facilitate the relocation of the Jewish population. Haaretz reports that according to the historian Corry Guttstadt, “the Turkish authorities had apparently opted for the strategy of putting the Jews under such pressure with boycott activities and anonymous threats ‘from the population’ that they would leave the area ‘voluntarily.’” Further, according to historian Rifat Bali that the incitement against Jews was common in the press at the time and this contributed to the violence.
Over 15,000 Jewish citizens of Turkey had to flee from the region.
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- ^ a b Rifat Bali, 1934 Trakya Olayları, 2008
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