Antlia II (Ant II) is a low-surface-brightness dwarf satellite galaxy of the Milky Way at a galactic latitude of 11.2°. It spans 1.26° in the sky just southeast of Epsilon Antliae. The galaxy is similar in size to the Large Magellanic Cloud, despite being 1/10,000 as bright. Antlia II has the lowest surface brightness of any galaxy discovered and is ~ 100 times more diffuse than any known ultra diffuse galaxy. It was discovered using data from the European Space Agency's Gaia spacecraft in November 2018.
- ^ a b c Torrealba, G.; Belokurov, V.; Koposov, S. E.; Li, T. S.; Walker, M. G.; Sanders, J. L.; Geringer-Sameth, A.; Zucker, D. B.; Kuehn, K.; Evans, N. W.; Dehnen, W. (2019). "The hidden giant: Discovery of an enormous Galactic dwarf satellite in Gaia DR2". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 488 (2): 2743–2766. arXiv:1811.04082. Bibcode:2019MNRAS.488.2743T. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1624. S2CID 118867213.
- ^ "ESA's Gaia Spacecraft Spots Ghost Galaxy Lurking In Milky Way's Outskirts". Forbes. Retrieved November 20, 2018.