Dmitry Stepanovich Polyansky (Russian: Дми́трий Степа́нович Поля́нский; Slovianoserbsk
, 7 November [O.S. 25 October] 1917 – Moscow, 8 October 2001) was a Soviet-Russian statesman who was First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union from 1965 to 1973. From 1958 to 1962 he was Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Russian SFSR, equivalent to a Premier in of one of the 15 Soviet Socialist Republics that comprised the Soviet Union.
Polyansky was awarded four Orders of Lenin. His wife Galina died in 2005.