The East River Column or Dongjiang Column (simplified Chinese: 东江纵队; traditional Chinese: 東江縱隊) was an anti-Japanese guerrilla force in Guangdong province and in Hong Kong during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Originally formed by Zeng Sheng (曾生) in Guangdong in 1939, this group mainly comprised peasants, students, and seamen, including Yuan Geng. When the war reached Hong Kong in 1941, the guerrilla force grew from 200 to more than 6,000 soldiers.
In January 1942, the Guangdong people's anti-Japanese East River guerrillas (廣東人民抗日游擊隊東江縱隊) was established to reinforce anti-Japanese forces in Dongjiang and Zhujiang Pearl River deltas. The guerillas' most significant contribution to the Allies, in particular, was their rescue of twenty American pilots who parachuted into Kowloon when their planes were shot down by the Japanese. In the wake of the British retreat, the guerillas picked up abandoned weapons and established bases in the New Territories and Kowloon. Applying the tactics of guerrilla warfare, they killed Chinese traitors and collaborators. They protected traders in Kowloon and Guangzhou, attacked the police station at Tai Po, and bombed Kai Tak Airport. During the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong the only fortified resistance was mounted by the East River guerillas.
The Hong Kong and Kowloon Independent Brigade of the East River Column (東江縱隊港九獨立大隊), was established on February 3, 1942, in the Rosary Mission Centre (玫瑰小堂), a chapel in Wong Mo Ying, a village in the Tai Mong Tsai area of the Sai Kung District, in Hong Kong.
- ^ a b c d e f g Courtauld, Caroline. Holdsworth, May.  (1997). The Hong Kong Story. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-590353-6. pp. 54–58.
- ^ Stanford, David.  (2006). Roses in December. Lulu press. ISBN 1-84753-966-1.
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- ^ Antiquities Advisory Board. Historic Building Appraisal. Rosary Mission Centre, No. 1 Wong Mo Ying
- ^ Chan, Sui-jeung (2009). East River Column: Hong Kong Guerrillas in the Second World War and After. Hong Kong University Press. p. 85. ISBN 9789622098503.
- ^ Chen Daming, Hong Kong's Anti-Japanese Guerrilla Force (香港抗日游擊隊) (Hong Kong: Universal Press, 2000), pp. 26-27; Choi Chung Man, "Sai Kung People's Support for the Hong Kong-Kowloon Independent Company" (西貢人民對港九大隊的支持), in Chui Yuet Ching, ed., Active in Hong Kong: A Record of Anti-Japanese Efforts of the Hong Kong-Kowloon Independent Battalion in Sai Kung (活躍在 香江：港九大隊西貢地區抗日實錄) (Hong Kong: Joint Publishing, 1993), pp. 168-172. (References cited in The Tai Po Book, p. 205).