|Date of birth||
12 July 1911 (N.S.)|
|Place of birth||
Tartu, Livonia, Russian Empire|
|Date of death||
27 December 1993 (aged 82)|
|Place of death||
Evald Mikson (Icelandic: Eðvald Hinriksson), (12 July [O.S. 29 June] 1911 – 27 December 1993) was a goalkeeper in the Estonian national football team, winning seven caps between 1934 and 1938. He later played an active role in the murder of Jews in Estonia during his service as Deputy Chief of the Estonian Sicherheitspolizei (security police) in the Tallinn-Harju district during the German Occupation of Estonia in World War II.
The Simon Wiesenthal Center has publ;ished evidence that Mikson committed serious war crimes against Jews during the Second World War, when he was working as Deputy Head of Police in Tallinn/Harjumaa. Mikson's descendants have claimed that he was imprisoned by the Germans for hiding details about witnesses from his superiors, but records show that he was actually detained for possessing gold stolen from his Jewish victims.
He escaped to Sweden in 1944. In 1946 he was transported to the Norwegian border, where a boat to Venezuela waited. However, the boat was stranded in Iceland, and he remained there until his death.
Mikson himself claimed in 1992 that he was being called a Nazi because of a "former colleague from the Estonian police force who is now a rich man living in Venezuela and who wanted revenge after I wrote an article about him and his crimes against Estonians in World War II".
In 1999 the Estonian International Commission for Investigation of Crimes Against Humanity singled out Mikson, along with Ain-Ervin Mere, Julius Ennok and Ervin Viks, for having signed numerous death warrants when they were members of the Political Police (Department B IV), headed by Ennok.
Mikson was the father of Jóhannes Eðvaldsson, who played for Celtic F.C. in the 1970s, and of Atli Eðvaldsson, s former player for Borussia Dortmund, and player and coach for the Icelandic national football team.