The International Herald Tribune (IHT) was a daily English-language newspaper published in Paris, France for international English-speaking readers. It was the first "global" newspaper. It published under the name International Herald Tribune from 1967 to 2013.
In 1887, James Gordon Bennett Jr. created a Paris edition of his newspaper the New York Herald. He called it the Paris Herald. When Bennett Jr. died, the paper came under the control of Frank Munsey, who bought it along with its parent. In 1924, Munsey sold the paper to the family of Ogden Reid, owners of the New York Tribune, creating the New York Herald Tribune. By 1967, the paper was owned jointly by Whitney Communications, The Washington Post and The New York Times, and became known as the International Herald Tribune, or IHT. The IHT ceased publication in 2013.
The International Herald Tribune years
Sold in over 160 countries, the International Herald Tribune was an innovative newspaper. It continued to produce a large amount of unique content until its closure.
In 1974, the paper pioneered the electronic transmission of facsimile pages across borders, when it opened a remote printing facility in London. By the time of the paper's centennial in 1987, the IHT was opening a new print site on average each year.
The International Herald Tribune's main editorial team was based in Paris, and the paper reported from many news sources, including its own corps of correspondents and columnists.
Writers and journalists
Throughout its history the Paris-based paper had a glittering stable of writers and journalists. Among the most well-known were the humorist Art Buchwald, the fashion editor Suzy Menkes, jazz critic Mike Zwerin and food writers Waverly Root and Patricia Wells. Former executive editors include John Vinocur, David Ignatius and Michael Getler.
The final years
In 2013, the New York Times, which had become sole owner, removed the name IHT from the masthead. In 2016 the Paris offices closed amid massive layoffs. The National Book Review called it "end of a romantic era in international journalism".
The archives of the International Herald Tribune, all the articles until 2013, were sold to the Gale company.
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- ^ Campbell, James (April 18, 2010). "Mike Zwerin obituary: A jazz trombonist, journalist and author, he was given his big break by Miles Davis". The Guardian.
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- ^ "International New York Times closes in Paris". RFI. 2016-09-29. Retrieved 2021-02-16.
- ^ "NEWS: New York Times Closing its Paris-Based Editing Offices, Ending a Journalism Era". The National Book Review. Retrieved 2021-02-16.
- ^ "International Herald Tribune Historical Archive, 1887–2013". www.gale.com. Retrieved 2021-02-16.