Johnson's 1965 State of the Union.
The Johnson Doctrine, enunciated by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson after the United States' intervention in the Dominican Republic in 1965, declared that domestic revolution in the Western Hemisphere would no longer be a local matter when the object is the establishment of a "Communist dictatorship". It is an extension of the Eisenhower and Kennedy doctrines.
Johnson Doctrine as a UN violation
This doctrine was even furthermore a problem in the view of the United Nations. The UN's first problem was that it permits use of force. This is a clear violation of Article 2, Chapter 4 of the United Nations Charter which states, “All members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.” When international law conflicts with the Charter, the Charter has precedent. It is this, that makes the Johnson Doctrine illegal.
The U.S. government disliked communist influence in the Western Hemisphere during the Cold War. In the 1960s, the Dominican Republic was a country of interest. Due to the ongoing political turmoil in the county, Dominican generals revolted in April 1965. Fearful that the members of the revolt had socialist sympathies, the US invaded the country on April 28 to reestablish a government sympathetic to them.
The Johnson Doctrine reinforced the United States government's existing doctrines against socialist expansion. In his May 2 address, Johnson specifically states that the American countries, will not permit the establishment of another "Communist government" in the Western Hemisphere. The Johnson Doctrine builds off of the Kennedy and Eisenhower doctrines in that it opposes communism in the Western Hemisphere. It also parallels the Monroe Doctrine, with an emphasis on denouncing non-US (in this case socialist) interference in the Americas.
- ^ * Peters,Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Lyndon B. Johnson: "Statement by the President Upon Ordering Troops Into the Dominican Republic.," April 28, 1965". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara.
- ^ a b Peters,Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Lyndon B. Johnson: "Radio and Television Report to the American People on the Situation in the Dominican Republic.," May 2, 1965". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara.
- ^ Glazer, Stephen G (1971). The Brezhnev Doctrine. The International Lawyer. pp. 169–179.
- ^ "The United States Invasion of the Dominican Republic, 1961–1966 - Latin American Studies - Oxford Bibliographies - obo". Retrieved 2017-03-28.