A police officer in duty.
Law enforcement in the Russian Federation is the responsibility of a variety of different agencies. The Russian police (formerly the militsiya) are the primary law enforcement agency, the Investigative Committee of Russia (the "Russian FBI") is the main investigative agency, and the Federal Security Service (formerly the KGB) is the main domestic security agency.
Prisons in Russia are administered by the Federal Penitentiary Service (FSIN) and can be categorized under four types of facilities: pre-trial institutions; educative or juvenile labor colonies; corrective labor colonies; and prisons.
The corrective colony (Russian: Исправительно-трудовая колония, ИТК, ispravitelno-trudovaya koloniya, ITK) is the most common, with 760 institutions in 2004 across the many administrative divisions of Russia. There were also eight prisons, 62 juvenile facilities, and 192 pre-trial facilities in 2004.