Mauritz von Wiktorin (13 August 1883 – 16 August 1956) was an Austrian general in the Wehrmacht during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany. Wiktorin was discharged from the army on 30 November 1944 after the 20 July Plot.
Wiktorin served as an officer in the Austro-Hungarian army in the First World War. After the war, he transferred to the postwar Austrian army and served as a commander and general staff officer in various units. During his service in the Austrian General Staff, he was arrested and dismissed from the army in 1935 for unauthorized contacts with German authorities.
Wiktorin was enthusiastic about the annexation of Austria. After the annexation, he was recalled into service and promoted to lieutenant-general of the army. In July 1938, he took command of the 20th Infantry Division. Wiktorin commanded the 20th in the invasion of Poland and attended the German–Soviet military parade in Brest-Litovsk with Heinz Guderian. In May 1940, the 20th Infantry Division took part in the invasion of France.
On November 25, 1940, Wiktorin took over as Commanding General of the XXVIII. Army Corps. He commanded the Corps in Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union. As part of Army Group North Wiktorin's corps advanced through the Baltic states and was part of the forces that besieged Leningrad. In April 1942 before the main German summer offensive that year, he was replaced and transferred to the Führerreserve. From May 1942 he was head of the military district XIII based in Nuremberg, but was replaced by Karl Weisenberger in November 1944 after the assassination attempt on Hitler in the summer of 1944.
Wiktorin died on August 16, 1956 in Nuremberg.
Awards and decorations
- ^ a b "Mauritz von Wiktorin". www.austro-hungarian-army.co.uk/biog/wiktorin (in German). Retrieved 2020-03-20.
- ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 362.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.