Mohan Baidya (Nepali: मोहन वैद्य) is the chairman of the Communist Party of Nepal Revolutionary Maoist, a party formed in 2012 by a splinter group from the Nepal Communist Party - Maoist Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).
Baidya became the leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Mashal), when that party was formed in 1985.
In 1986, Mohan Baidya was acting as General Secretary of the CPN (Mashal) when he called for an armed uprising against King Birendra. These attempts were ultimately unsuccessful leading to the arrest of several revolutionaries known as the Sector Incident. It saw Baidya face severe internal criticism culminating in his resignation and replacement with Pushpa Kamal Dahal.
Baidya was not included during the Nepalese Civil War peace process as he was serving time in Indian prison. He later voiced criticism of the decisions made by Maoist representatives during the agreements.
In an interview in 2018, Baidya expressed concerns over the excessive consumption of liquor by the indigenous Janajati people, although stressed that his focus is centered mainly on economic reform, land rights & redistribution, fair prices for produce, fair wages and loan regulation. He expressed disapproval over political factionalism within the communist parties of Nepal, and wishes to see unity.
Mohan Baidya is a self described Maoist. However, he fully does not consider Maoism is the best ideology for the Nepal to uphold. Although being a Marxist as well as Maoist he supports the concept of market capitalization through the socialist movement, an ideology propounded by Deng Xiaoping to enhance the economy of People's Republic of China. He believes, bringing the foreign companies in Nepali market will provide the infrastructure upon the current issue of employment crisis, resource management and overall economic stability.
Baidya does not support the west ministerial parliamentary system in Nepal, as he believes it as a fake system where hierarchy of aristocrats and rich families exists.