Palamu district is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India. It was formed in 1892. The administrative headquarter of the district is Medininagar, situated on the Koel River.
The Palamu district have site of Neolithic and chalcolithic settlement in the confluence of Son and North Koel river in Kabra-Kala mound.
During the medieval period Chero dynasty was ruling in the region which had become tributaries of Mughal empire during rule of Shahjahan and East India Company. In 1812 East India company took direct control of the region.
The district lies between 23°50′ and 24°8′ north latitude and between 83°55′ and 84°30′ east longitude. It is bordered on the north by Son River & Bihar and on the east by the Chatra and Hazaribagh districts, on the south by Latehar District and on the west by Garhwa District.
The major rivers flowing through Palamu district are Son, Koel and Auranga. The major crops grown are Rice and Sugarcane. Many minerals are found here like Iron ore, Bauxite, Lithium, Dolomite and Coal.
National protected area
Palamau district consists of 21 Blocks. The following are the list of the Blocks in Palamau district:
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Palamau one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 24 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census Palamu district has a population of 1,939,869, giving it a ranking of 243rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 381 inhabitants per square kilometre (990/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.94%. Palamu has a sex ratio of 929 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 65.5%. Scheduled Castes and Tribes make up 27.65% and 9.34% of the population respectively.
|Religion in Palamu|
|Other or not stated
According to the census, 86.77% of the population is Hindu, 12.28% Muslim.
At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 65.49% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 24.44% Magahi and 6.87% Urdu as their first language.
The only university in Medininagar is Nilamber-Pitamber University, created on January 17, 2009. The Chief Minister of Jharkhand declared that the Nilamber-Pitamber University would be set up in Medininagar in 2001. There are 66 primary schools, 30 middle schools, 17 Navsirijit schools, 10 high schools and 1 Engineering College in the Medininagar block.