The president of Iraq is the head of state of Iraq and "safeguards the commitment to the Constitution and the preservation of Iraq's independence, sovereignty, unity, the security of its territories in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution". The President is elected by the Council of Representatives by a two-thirds majority, and is limited to two four-year terms. The president is responsible for ratifying treaties and laws passed by the Council of Representatives, issues pardons on the recommendation of the Prime Minister, and performs the "duty of the Higher Command of the armed forces for ceremonial and honorary purposes". Since the mid-2000s, the Presidency is primarily a symbolic office, as the position does not possess significant power within the country according to the October 2005-adopted constitution.
The current president is Barham Salih since 2 October 2018.
The Presidency Council was an entity that operated under the auspices of the "transitional provisions" of the Constitution. According to the Constitution, the Presidency Council functioned in the role of the president until one successive term after the Constitution was ratified and a government was seated. The Presidency Council had the additional power to send legislation back to the Council of Representatives for revision.
- ^ "5 Highest Paid Asian Political Leaders".
- ^ Constitution of Iraq, Article 64
- ^ Constitution of Iraq, Article 67
- ^ Constitution of Iraq, Article 69
- ^ Constitution of Iraq, Article 70
- ^ "Iraq's Surprise: The Persistence of Democracy". Wall Street Journal. 17 November 2017. Retrieved 2019-04-02.
The prime minister is chosen by parliament, and the president, by convention a Kurd, holds only symbolic authority.
- ^ Constitution of Iraq, Section 6, Chapter 2, Article 138
- ^ Constitution of Iraq, Section 6, Chapter 2, Article 139