The prime minister of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Ministras Pirmininkas, literally translated as Minister-Chairman) is the head of the government of Lithuania. The prime minister is Lithuania's head of government and is appointed by the president with the assent of the Lithuanian parliament, the Seimas. The modern office of prime minister was established in 1990, when Lithuania declared its independence, although the official title was "Chairperson of the Council of Ministers" until 25 November 1992.
Historically, the title of Prime Minister was also used between 1918 and 1940. This was during the original Republic of Lithuania, which lasted from the collapse of the Russian Empire until the country's annexation by the Soviet Union.
Republic of Lithuania (1918–1940)
Following the ultimatum in June 1940, the forces of Soviet Union entered Lithuania, prompting President Antanas Smetona to flee the country. Antanas Merkys, who assumed the position of acting president in accordance with the constitution, soon announced he had taken over the Presidency on a permanent basis and appointed Justas Paleckis, favored by the Soviet authorities, as the Prime Minister ahead of the "people's government". Merkys soon resigned, allowing Paleckis to assume the post of acting president as well. The presidency of Merkys is not recognized as legitimate in modern Lithuania and Paleckis is not listed as an interwar Prime Minister in government sources.
||Term of office
||17 June 1940
||24 June 1940
Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940–1990)
- Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Lithuanian SSR
- Chairmen of the Council of Ministers of the Lithuanian SSR
Provisional Government of Lithuania (1941)
- Acting Prime Minister of the Provisional Government
Republic of Lithuania (1990–present)
From 11 March 1990 after adopting the Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania.
- Parties and affiliations
TS / TS-LKD
- ^ Term of office starts when the Prime Minister is appointed by presidential decree and starts forming the government. Term of office ends when the Prime Minister or the government is dismissed or their resignation is accepted by presidential decree. Term of office does not include the time served in an acting capacity, typically until the next Prime Minister forms a new government.