Saving Private Ryan is a 1998 American epic war film directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Robert Rodat. Set during the Invasion of Normandy in World War II, the film is known for its graphic portrayal of war, especially its depiction of the Omaha Beach assault during the Normandy landings. The film follows United States Army Rangers Captain John H. Miller (Tom Hanks) and his squad (Tom Sizemore, Edward Burns, Barry Pepper, Giovanni Ribisi, Vin Diesel, Adam Goldberg, and Jeremy Davies) as they search for a paratrooper, Private first class James Francis Ryan (Matt Damon), the last surviving brother of four, the three other brothers having been killed in action. The film was a co-production between DreamWorks Pictures, Paramount Pictures, Amblin Entertainment, and Mutual Film Company. DreamWorks distributed the film in North America while Paramount released the film internationally.
In 1996, producer Mark Gordon pitched Rodat's idea, which was inspired by the Niland brothers, to Paramount, which eventually began development on the project. Spielberg, who at the time was forming DreamWorks, came on board to direct the project, and Hanks joined the cast. After the cast went through training supervised by Marine veteran Dale Dye, the film's principal photography started in June 1997 and lasted two months. The film's D-Day scenes were shot in Ballinesker Beach, Curracloe Strand, Ballinesker, just east of Curracloe, County Wexford, Ireland and used members of the Irish Army reserve as infantry for the D-Day landing.
Released on July 24, 1998, Saving Private Ryan received acclaim from critics and audiences for its performances (particularly from Hanks), realism, cinematography, score, screenplay, and Spielberg's direction, and was placed on many film critics' 1998 top ten lists. It was also a box office success, becoming the highest-grossing film of 1998 in the United States with $216.8 million domestically and the second-highest-grossing film of 1998 worldwide with $481.8 million worldwide. Additionally, it grossed $44 million from its release on home video in May 1999. The film won several accolades, including Best Picture and Director at the Golden Globes, Producers Guild of America, Directors Guild of America, and Critics' Choice Awards. The film was nominated for eleven Academy Awards at the 71st Academy Awards including Best Picture, Best Actor (Hanks), and Best Original Screenplay, and won five: Best Director (Spielberg's second), Best Film Editing, Best Cinematography, Best Sound, and Best Sound Effects Editing.
Since its release, Saving Private Ryan has been considered one of the greatest films of all time and has been lauded as influential on the war film genre. It is credited for renewing interest in World War II media. In 2007, the American Film Institute ranked Saving Private Ryan as the 71st-greatest American movie in AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) and in 2014, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
An elderly veteran walks through a cemetery, accompanied by his family. Coming across a specific grave, he is overcome with emotion and recalls his time as a soldier. On the morning of June 6, 1944, the U.S. Army lands at Omaha Beach as part of the Normandy invasion. Captain John H. Miller leads a breakout from the beach, overwhelming fierce German resistance. Meanwhile at the United States Department of War in Washington, D.C., it is learned that James Francis Ryan of the 101st Airborne Division is the last of four brothers presumed alive but missing. General George C. Marshall orders Ryan to be found and sent home.
Miller soon receives orders to lead a unit to find Ryan. Arriving in the contested town of Neuville between the German defenders and the 101st Airborne, it is learnt that Ryan is defending a key bridge in the fictional town of Ramelle. While assisting the 101st in Neuville, one of Miller's men is shot by a German sniper and is killed in action. En route to Ramelle, Miller decides against the judgement of his unit to neutralize a German machine gun nest, resulting in the loss of the unit's Medic. A surviving German soldier is spared by the intervention of Upham; Miller blindfolds the soldier and orders him to surrender himself to the next Allied patrol. When Reiben threatens to desert, Miller defuses the situation by revealing his civilian background as a teacher.
Soon arriving in Ramelle, the remaining unit make contact with Ryan and inform him of his brothers' deaths. Though upset by the news, Ryan refuses to abandon his current posting, which soon comes under siege by attacking German armor. Miller and his unit fight alongside the 101st though the German armor advantage soon starts to take its toll on the Americans. In the ensuing battle, Jackson, Mellish and Horvath are killed. In an attempt to destroy the bridge with pre-placed explosives, Miller is fatally wounded by "Steamboat Willie", the German soldier he earlier spared. As the Germans approach the bridge, P-51 Mustangs as well as advancing American Shermans with infantry rout the Germans. Steamboat Willie is personally executed by Upham, who spares his comrades.
As a result of his wounds, Miller dies, but first tells Ryan to "earn this," referring to the postwar life that he will hopefully be able to experience. Ryan is revealed to be the elderly veteran from the beginning of the film and the grave belonging to Miller. Ryan expresses his gratitude for the sacrifices made by Miller and his men and states that he hopes he indeed earned it, before saluting Miller's gravestone.
In 1994, Robert Rodat's wife gave him the bestseller D-Day: June 6, 1944: The Climactic Battle of World War II by historian Stephen Ambrose. While reading the book during an early morning walk in a small New Hampshire village, Rodat was "struck by a monument dedicated to those who had died in various wars, particularly because of the repeated last names of brothers who were killed in action". He was inspired by an actual family in Ambrose's book named the Nilands, which had lost two sons in the war and was thought to have lost a third, whose fourth son was "snatched" out of Normandy by the War Department.
Rodat proposed the pitch to producer Mark Gordon. Gordon then pitched Rodat's idea to Paramount Pictures, whose executives liked the idea and commissioned Rodat to write the script. Carin Sage at Creative Artists Agency read Rodat's script and made Steven Spielberg, who was one of the agency's clients, aware of it. At the same time, Spielberg, who was at the time establishing DreamWorks Pictures, picked up the script and became interested in the film.
Spielberg had already demonstrated his interest in World War II themes with the films 1941, Empire of the Sun, Schindler's List, and the Indiana Jones series. Spielberg later co-produced the World War II themed television miniseries Band of Brothers and its counterpart The Pacific with Tom Hanks. When asked about this by American Cinematographer, Spielberg said, "I think that World War II is the most significant event of the last 100 years; the fate of the Baby Boomers and even Generation X was linked to the outcome. Beyond that, I've just always been interested in World War II. My earliest films, which I made when I was about 14 years old, were combat pictures that were set both on the ground and in the air. For years now, I've been looking for the right World War II story to shoot, and when Robert Rodat wrote Saving Private Ryan, I found it."
After Spielberg signed on to direct the film, Paramount and DreamWorks, who agreed to finance and produce the film together with Amblin Entertainment and Mutual Film Company, both made a distribution deal where DreamWorks would take over the film's domestic distribution while Paramount would release the film internationally. In exchange for distribution rights for Saving Private Ryan, Paramount would retain domestic distribution rights to Deep Impact, while DreamWorks would acquire international distribution.
In casting the film Spielberg sought to create a cast that "looked" the part, stating in an interview, "You know, the people in World War II actually looked different than people look today," adding to this end that he cast partly based on wanting the cast "to match the faces I saw on the newsreels."
Gordon and co-producer Gary Levinsohn were interested in having Tom Hanks appear in the film as Captain Miller. Gordon recounted, "Tom was enormously excited about it and said, 'Steven and I have always wanted to work together." Pete Postlethwaite, Harrison Ford and Mel Gibson were initially considered for the role of Miller.
Edward Norton turned down the role of Private Ryan to do the film American History X.
Before filming began, several of the film's stars, including Edward Burns, Tom Sizemore, Barry Pepper, Vin Diesel, Adam Goldberg, Giovanni Ribisi, and Tom Hanks, endured ten days of "boot camp" training led by Marine veteran Dale Dye and Warriors, Inc., a California company that specializes in training actors for realistic military portrayals. Matt Damon was trained separately, so the rest of the group, whose characters are supposed to feel resentment towards Damon's character, would not bond with him. Spielberg had stated that his main intention in forcing the actors to go through the boot camp was not to learn the proper techniques but rather "because I wanted them to respect what it was like to be a soldier." During filming, Sizemore was battling drug addiction and Spielberg required him to be drug tested every day. If he failed a test, he would be dismissed and all of his scenes would be reshot with a different actor.
The film's second scene is a sequence over 20 minutes long recounting the landing on the beaches of Normandy on D-Day. Spielberg chose to include this particularly violent sequence in order "to bring the audience onto the stage with me," specifically noting that he did not want the "audience to be spectators," but rather he wanted to "demand them to be participants with those kids who had never seen combat before in real life, and get to the top of Omaha Beach together."
Filming began June 27, 1997, and lasted for two months. Spielberg wanted an almost exact replica of the Omaha Beach landscape for the movie, including sand and a bluff similar to the one where German forces were stationed and a near match was found in Ballinesker Beach, Curracloe Strand, Ballinesker, just east of Curracloe, County Wexford, Ireland. Production of the sequence depicting the Omaha Beach landings cost US$12 million and involved up to 1,500 extras, some of whom were members of the Irish Reserve Defence Forces. Members of local reenactment groups such as the Second Battle Group were cast as extras to play German soldiers. In addition, twenty to thirty actual amputees were used to portray American soldiers maimed during the landing. Spielberg did not storyboard the sequence, as he wanted spontaneous reactions and for "the action to inspire me as to where to put the camera." Hanks recalled to Roger Ebert that although he realized it was a movie, the experience still hit him hard, stating, "The first day of shooting the D-Day sequences, I was in the back of the landing craft, and that ramp went down and I saw the first 1-2-3-4 rows of guys just getting blown to bits. In my head, of course, I knew it was special effects, but I still wasn't prepared for how tactile it was."
The cast underwent a six-day boot camp in order to prepare for their roles as soldiers in the film. Spielberg later said that he purposefully excluded Damon from the boot camp in order to help the rest of the cast to build up genuine resentment towards his character.
Some shooting was done in Normandy, for the Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial in Colleville-sur-Mer and Calvados. Other scenes were filmed in England, such as a former British Aerospace factory in Hatfield, Hertfordshire, Thame Park, Oxfordshire and Wiltshire. Production was due to also take place in Seaham, County Durham, but government restrictions disallowed this. According to both Gordon and Levinsohn, the producers were hardly involved in the production as Spielberg was entrusted with full creative control of the film. Both producers were only involved in raising foreign financing and handling international distribution. Gordon, however, said that Spielberg was "inclusive and gracious and enormously solicitous in terms of the development of the screenplay".
Portrayal of history
Saving Private Ryan
was noted for its recreation of the Omaha Beach
The historical representation of Charlie Company's actions, led by its commander, Captain Ralph E. Goranson, is considered to be well-maintained in the opening sequence. The sequence and details of the events are very close to the historical record, including the sea sickness experienced by many of the soldiers as the landing craft moved toward the shoreline, the significant casualties among the men as they disembarked from the boats, and their difficulty linking up with adjacent units on the shore.
The distinctive "ping" of the US soldiers' M1 Garand rifles ejecting their ammunition clips is heard throughout the battle sequence. Many details of the company's actions were depicted accurately; for instance, the correct code names for the sector Charlie Company assaulted, and adjacent sectors, were used. Included in the cinematic depiction of the landing was a follow-on mission of clearing a bunker and trench system at the top of the cliffs which was not part of the original mission objectives for Charlie Company, but which was undertaken after the assault on the beach.
The landing craft used included twelve actual World War II examples, 10 LCVPs and 2 LCMs, standing in for the British LCAs that the Ranger Companies rode in to the beach during Operation Overlord. The filmmakers used underwater cameras to better depict soldiers being hit by bullets in the water. Forty barrels of fake blood were used to simulate the effect of blood in the seawater. This degree of realism was more difficult to achieve when depicting World War II German armored vehicles, as few examples survive in operating condition. The Tiger I tanks in the film were copies built on the chassis of old, but functional, Soviet T-34 tanks. The two vehicles described in the film as Panzers were meant to portray Marder III tank destroyers. One was created for the film using the chassis of a Czech-built Panzer 38(t) tank similar to the construction of the original Marder III; the other was a cosmetically modified Swedish SAV m/43 assault gun, which also used the 38(t) chassis.
There are some historical inaccuracies in the film's depiction of the Normandy campaign. At the time of the mission, US forces from the two American beach areas, Utah and Omaha, had not yet linked up. In reality, a Ranger team operating out of the Omaha Beach area would have had to move through the German-occupied city of Carentan, or swim or boat across the estuary linking Carentan to the English Channel, or transfer by boat to the Utah landing area. On the other hand, US forces moving out of Utah Beach would have had direct and much shorter routes, relatively unencumbered by enemy positions, and were already in contact with some teams from both US airborne divisions landed in the area.
In contrast, the Utah Beach landings were relatively uncontested, with assault units landing on largely unoccupied beaches and experiencing far less action than the landings at Omaha. The filmmakers chose to begin the narrative with a depiction of the more dramatic story of Omaha, despite the historical inaccuracies it would create. In addition, the film depicts the 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich as the adversary during the fictional Battle of Ramelle; in fact, the 2nd SS was not engaged in Normandy until July, and then at Caen against the British and Canadians, 100 miles to the east (160 km). Furthermore, the Merderet River bridges were not an objective of the 101st Airborne Division but of the 82nd Airborne Division, part of Mission Boston.
Much has also been said about various "tactical errors" made by both the German and American forces in the film's climactic battle. Spielberg responded by saying that in many scenes he opted to replace sound military tactics and strict historical accuracy for dramatic effect. Some other technical errors were also made, such as the reversed orientation of the beach barriers and the tripod obstructions with a mine at the apex.
In the ruined village of Ramelle, a spelling mistake in French can be observed on a mural advertisement, as the word estomac is erroneously spelled as estomach.
To achieve a tone and quality that were true to the story as well as reflected the period in which it is set, Spielberg once again collaborated with cinematographer Janusz Kamiński, saying, "Early on, we both knew that we did not want this to look like a Technicolor extravaganza about World War II, but more like color newsreel footage from the 1940s, which is very desaturated and low-tech."
Kamiński had the protective coating stripped from the camera lenses, making them closer to those used in the 1940s. He explains that "without the protective coating, the light goes in and starts bouncing around, which makes it slightly more diffused and a bit softer without being out of focus." The cinematographer completed the overall effect by putting the negative through bleach bypass, a process that reduces brightness and color saturation. The shutter timing was set to 90 or 45 degrees for many of the battle sequences, as opposed to the standard of 180-degree timing. Kamiński clarifies, "In this way, we attained a certain staccato in the actors' movements and a certain crispness in the explosions, which makes them slightly more realistic."
Saving Private Ryan was released in 2,463 theaters on July 24, 1998, and grossed $30.5 million on its opening weekend, opening to number one and remained at the top for four weeks until Blade topped the film in its fifth week of release. The film grossed $216.5 million in the US and Canada and $265.3 million in other territories, bringing its worldwide total to $481.8 million. It was the highest-grossing US film of 1998, and was the second-highest-grossing film of 1998 worldwide, finishing behind Armageddon. Box Office Mojo estimates that the film sold over 45.74 million tickets in the United States and Canada.
Steven Spielberg (shown here in 2016) earned critical acclaim for his directing on the film and would later win his second Academy Award for Best Director
Saving Private Ryan received acclaim from critics and audiences; much of the praise went to Spielberg's directing, the realistic battle scenes, the actors' performances, John Williams' score, the cinematography, editing, and screenplay. On Rotten Tomatoes the film holds an approval rating of 93% based on 139 reviews, with an average rating of 8.64/10. The website's critics consensus reads: "Anchored by another winning performance from Tom Hanks, Steven Spielberg's unflinchingly realistic war film virtually redefines the genre." Metacritic assigned the film a weighted average score of 91 out of 100, based on 35 critics, indicating "universal acclaim". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale.
Many critics associations, such as New York Film Critics Circle and Los Angeles Film Critics Association, chose Saving Private Ryan as Film of the Year. Roger Ebert gave it four stars out of four and called it "a powerful experience". Janet Maslin of The New York Times called it "the finest war movie of our time". Gene Siskel, Ebert's co-host and critic of Chicago Tribune, said that the film "accomplishes something I had been taught was most difficult—making an action-filled anti-war film or, at least, one that doesn't in some way glorify or lie about combat". On their program At the Movies, Siskel and Ebert each named the film as the fourth- and third-best film of 1998, respectively. Writing for TIME, Richard Schickel said that was "a war film that, entirely aware of its genre's conventions, transcends them as it transcends the simplistic moralities that inform its predecessors, to take the high, morally haunting ground". Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly praised the film, saying that "Spielberg has captured the hair-trigger instability of modern combat." Kenneth Turan of Los Angeles Times praised the film as well, calling it "a powerful and impressive milestone in the realistic depiction of combat, Saving Private Ryan is as much an experience we live through as a film we watch on screen."
The film earned some negative reviews from critics. Writing for Chicago Reader, Jonathan Rosenbaum gave the film two stars and felt that "it has a few pretty good action moments, a lot of spilled guts, a few moments of drama that don't seem phony or hollow, some fairly strained period ambience, and a bit of sentimental morphing that reminds me of Forrest Gump." Andrew Sarris of Observer wrote that the film was "tediously manipulative despite its Herculean energy".
The film also earned some criticism for ignoring the contributions of several other countries to the D-Day landings in general and at Omaha Beach specifically. The most direct example of the latter is that during the actual landing, the 2nd Rangers disembarked from British ships and were taken to Omaha Beach by Royal Navy landing craft (LCAs). The film depicts them as being United States Coast Guard-crewed craft (LCVPs and LCMs) from an American ship, the USS Thomas Jefferson (APA-30). This criticism was far from universal with other critics recognizing the director's intent to make an "American" film. The film was not released in Malaysia after Spielberg refused to cut the violent scenes; however, the film was finally released there on DVD with an 18SG certificate in 2005.
Many World War II veterans stated that the film was the most realistic depiction of combat they had ever seen. The film was so realistic that some combat veterans of D-Day and Vietnam left theaters rather than finish watching the opening scene depicting the Normandy invasion. Their visits to posttraumatic stress disorder counselors rose in number after the film's release, and many counselors advised "'more psychologically vulnerable'" veterans to avoid watching it. The Department of Veterans Affairs set up a nationwide hotline for veterans who were affected by the film, and less than two weeks after the film was released it had already received over 170 calls.
The film has gained criticism from some war veterans. Film director and military veteran Oliver Stone has accused the film of promoting "the worship of World War II as the good war," and has placed it alongside films such as Gladiator and Black Hawk Down that he believes were well-made, but may have inadvertently contributed to Americans' readiness for the 2003 invasion of Iraq. In defense of the film's portrait of warfare, Brian De Palma commented, "The level of violence in something like Saving Private Ryan makes sense because Spielberg is trying to show something about the brutality of what happened." Actor Richard Todd, who performed in The Longest Day and was among the first Allied soldiers to land in Normandy (Operation Tonga), said the film was "Rubbish. Overdone." American academic Paul Fussell, who saw combat in France during World War II, objected to what he described as, "the way Spielberg's Saving Private Ryan, after an honest, harrowing, 15-minute opening visualizing details of the unbearable bloody mess at Omaha Beach, degenerated into a harmless, uncritical patriotic performance apparently designed to thrill 12-year-old boys during the summer bad-film season. Its genre was pure cowboys and Indians, with the virtuous cowboys of course victorious." Historian Jim DiEugenio took note that the film was actually "90 percent fiction" and that Tom Hanks knew this, with his goal being to "...commemorate World War II as the Good War and to depict the American role in it as crucial".
The film was nominated for eleven Academy Awards at the 71st annual ceremony, including Best Picture, Best Actor for Tom Hanks, and Best Original Screenplay. The film won five of these, including Best Cinematography, Best Sound, Best Sound Effects Editing, Best Film Editing, and Best Director for Spielberg, his second win in that category. In a controversial upset, the film lost the Best Picture award to Shakespeare in Love, joining a small number to have won the Best Director award without also winning Best Picture. The Academy's decision not to award the film with the Best Picture Oscar has resulted in much criticism in recent years, with many considering it as one of the biggest snubs in the ceremony's history. In a poll in 2015, Academy members indicated that, given a second chance, they would award the Oscar for Best Picture to Saving Private Ryan. As of 2021, it is one of only three films to ever win the PGA, DGA, Golden Globe, and Best Director Oscar
while not winning Best Picture at the Academy Awards, the others being Brokeback Mountain and La La Land.
The film also won the Golden Globes for Best Motion Picture – Drama and Director, the BAFTA Award for Special Effects and Sound, the Directors Guild of America Award, a Grammy Award for Best Film Soundtrack, the Producers Guild of America Golden Laurel Award, and the Saturn Award for Best Action, Adventure, or Thriller Film.
Today, Saving Private Ryan is widely considered to be one of the greatest films ever made. The film has been frequently lauded as an influential work in the war film genre and is credited with contributing to a resurgence in America's interest in World War II. Old and new films, video games, and novels about the war enjoyed renewed popularity after its release. The film's use of desaturated colors, hand-held cameras, and tight angles has profoundly influenced subsequent films and video games.
The American Film Institute has included Saving Private Ryan in many of its lists, ranking it as the 71st-greatest American movie in AFI's 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition), as well as the 45th-most thrilling film in AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills, the 10th-most inspiring in AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers, and the eighth-best epic film in "AFI's 10 Top 10". In 2014, the film was selected for preservation in the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress, being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". Saving Private Ryan was voted as the greatest war film in a 2008 Channel 4 poll of the 100 greatest war films. In a readers’ poll for Rolling Stone, it was voted as the 18th-best film of the 1990s. Empire named the film as the 39th-greatest film of all time.
Saving Private Ryan has also received critical acclaim for its realistic portrayal of World War II combat. In particular, the sequence depicting the Omaha Beach landings was named the "best battle scene of all time" by Empire magazine and was ranked number one on TV Guide's list of the "50 Greatest Movie Moments". Filmmaker Robert Altman wrote a letter to Spielberg stating, "Private Ryan was awesome – best I've seen." Filmmaker Quentin Tarantino has expressed admiration for the film and has cited it as an influence on his 2009 film, Inglourious Basterds. Prior to making Dunkirk, filmmaker Christopher Nolan consulted with Spielberg on how to portray the war scenes.
On Veterans Day in 2001, 2002 and 2004, ABC aired the film uncut and with limited commercial interruption. The network airings were given a TV-MA rating, as the violent battle scenes and the profanity were left intact. The 2004 airing was marred by pre-emptions in many markets because of the language, in the backlash of Super Bowl XXXVIII's halftime show controversy. However, critics and veterans' groups such as the American Legion and the Veterans of Foreign Wars assailed those stations and their owners, including Sinclair Broadcast Group (which owned fourteen ABC affiliates at the time), Hearst-Argyle Television (which owned twelve); Scripps Howard Broadcasting (which owned six); Belo (which owned four); and Cox Enterprises (which owned three) for allegedly putting profits ahead of programming and honoring World War II soldiers, saying the stations made more money running their own programming instead of being paid by the network to carry the film, especially during a sweeps period.
A total of 65 ABC affiliates—28% of the network—did not clear the available timeslot for the film, even with The Walt Disney Company, ABC's parent, offering to pay all their fines for broadcasting the movie's strong language to the Federal Communications Commission. In the end, however, no complaints were lodged against ABC affiliates who showed Saving Private Ryan, perhaps because even conservative watchdogs like the Parents Television Council supported the unedited rebroadcast of the film. Additionally, some ABC affiliates in other markets that were near affected markets, such as Youngstown affiliate WYTV (channel 33, which is viewable in parts of the Columbus, Cleveland, and Pittsburgh markets, none of which aired the film), Gainesvile affiliate WCJB-TV (channel 20, which is viewable in parts of the Orlando and Tampa markets), and the network's affiliates in Hartford and Providence (which are viewable in parts of the Boston and Springfield markets) still aired the film and gave those nearby markets the option of viewing the film. TNT and Turner Classic Movies have also broadcast the film. AMC holds broadcast rights to the film as of 2021.
The film was released on home video in May 1999 with a VHS release that earned over $44 million. The DVD release became available in November of the same year, and was one of the best-selling titles of the year, with over 1.5 million units sold. The DVD was released in two separate versions: one with Dolby Digital and the other with DTS 5.1 surround sound. Besides the different 5.1 tracks, the two DVDs are identical. The film was also issued in a limited 2-disc LaserDisc in November 1999, making it one of the last feature films to be issued in this format, as LaserDiscs ceased manufacturing and distribution by year's end.
In 2004, a Saving Private Ryan special-edition DVD was released to commemorate the 60th anniversary of D-Day. This two-disc edition was also included in a box set titled World War II Collection, along with two documentaries produced by Spielberg, Price For Peace (about the Pacific War) and Shooting War (about war photographers, narrated by Tom Hanks). The film was released on Blu-ray Disc on April 26, 2010 in the UK and on May 4, 2010 in the US, as part of Paramount Home Video's premium Sapphire Series. However, only weeks after its release, Paramount issued a recall due to audio synchronization problems. The studio issued an official statement acknowledging the problem, which they attributed to an authoring error by Technicolor that escaped the quality control process, and that they had already begun the process of replacing the defective discs.
On May 8, 2018, Paramount Home Media Distribution released Saving Private Ryan on Ultra HD Blu-ray to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the release of the film.
- ^ a b c "Saving Private Ryan". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ Weinraub, Bernard. "'Ryan' Lands With Impact in Theaters Across U.S." The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved September 2, 2018.
- ^ "1998 Worldwide Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on May 22, 2009. Retrieved May 1, 2014.
- ^ a b c Maslin, Janet (July 24, 1998). "FILM REVIEW; Panoramic and Personal Visions of War's Anguish". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 25, 2018. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
- ^ a b Rubin, Steven Jay (July 24, 2018). "'Saving Private Ryan' at 20: How Spielberg's vivid D-Day story changed war movies forever". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 26, 2019. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
- ^ a b "Top ten war films: Saving Private Ryan claims No 1 spot". The Telegraph. August 19, 2009. Archived from the original on July 25, 2018. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
- ^ a b Grow, Kory (December 17, 2014). "'Big Lebowski,' 'Ferris Bueller's Day Off' Added to National Film Registry". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on June 29, 2018. Retrieved September 11, 2017.
- ^ a b ELLER, CLAUDIA (July 24, 1998). "Producing Partners Step Aside for Spielberg With 'Saving' Grace". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Archived from the original on May 29, 2016. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- ^ a b Weinraub, Bernard. "'Ryan' Lands With Impact in Theaters Across U.S." Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved September 2, 2018.
- ^ Weinraub, Bernard. "'Ryan' Lands With Impact in Theaters Across U.S." nytimes.com. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
- ^ "Five Star General". American Cinematographer Online Magazine. August 1998. Archived from the original on August 30, 2008. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ a b c Ebert, Roger (July 19, 1998). "Private Spielberg". Rogerebert.com. Archived from the original on August 7, 2020. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
- ^ Eller, Claudia (July 24, 1998). "Producing Partners Step Aside for Spielberg With 'Saving' Grace". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Archived from the original on January 16, 2017. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- ^ Bradshaw, Peter (June 23, 2011). "A Spectacle of Dust by Pete Postlethwaite – review". The Guardian. Archived from the original on June 13, 2021. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
- ^ PM, Sean Billings On 7/23/18 at 4:09 (July 23, 2018). "Here are five things you probably didn't know about 'Saving Private Ryan'". Newsweek. Archived from the original on July 23, 2018. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- ^ Hutchinson, Sean (November 18, 2015). "15 Facts About American History X". Mental Floss. Archived from the original on June 13, 2021. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
- ^ "Boot Camp". Behind the Scenes. Archived from the original on December 2, 1998. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ "Excluded field training". WarriorsInc. Archived from the original on June 5, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2013.
- ^ "Facts to blow your mind about Saving Private Ryan". NewsComAu. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved September 2, 2018.
- ^ "Private Ryan' expo". Wexford People. June 6, 2007. Archived from the original on November 20, 2007. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ "Ryan's slaughter". Independent. August 3, 1998. Archived from the original on November 6, 2018. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ "Saving Private Ryan". Britannia Film Archives. Archived from the original on August 7, 2020. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ "Omaha Beach". Saving Private Ryan Online Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on November 9, 2020. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ "Dog One". Saving Private Ryan Online Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on November 9, 2020. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ "Saving Private Ryan". The Irish Film & Television Network. Archived from the original on August 14, 2020. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ "Roaring back to the forties". Matlock Mercury. August 6, 2008. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ a b "How we made the best movie battle scene ever". Independent. June 7, 2006. Archived from the original on September 17, 2008. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ "Steven Spielberg Goes To War". Empire. Archived from the original on October 6, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- ^ Ebert, Roger. "Tom Hanks Recalls 'Private Ryan' Shoot". Rogerebert.com. Archived from the original on August 10, 2020. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
- ^ Nunn, Christina (March 14, 2021). "'Saving Private Ryan': Steven Spielberg Excluded Matt Damon From Boot Camp to Make Tom Hanks, Vin Diesel, and the Cast Resent Him". cheatsheet.com. Archived from the original on July 13, 2021. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
- ^ "Saving Private Ryan". Sunderland Echo. November 2, 1999.
- ^ Eller, Claudia (July 24, 1998). "Producing Partners Step Aside for Spielberg With 'Saving' Grace". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 29, 2016. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
- ^ a b c Saving Private Ryan: Company C, 2nd Ranger Battalion Archived August 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Sproe.com. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- ^ Saving Private Ryan: LCM (3). Sproe.com (April 11, 2009). Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- ^ "Ryan Tigers". Second Battle Group. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ "Marders". Second Battle Group. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ Reproductions of Panzers based on modern Tanks Archived November 12, 2020, at the Wayback Machine.shadock.free.fr. Last update: March 9, 2010
- ^ On June 12, 1944, three days after the fictional Ryan mission was to begin, Carentan was finally captured after heavy fighting, and US forces operating out of the two beaches finally linked up. See Messenger, Charles, The Chronological Atlas of World War Two (New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1989), 182.
- ^ Ryan, Cornelius, The Longest Day: June 6, 1944 (New York: Popular Library, 1959), 286-8.
- ^ Out of 23,000 men landed at Utah, 197 were casualties on the first day, while 55,000 men landed at Omaha with 4,649 casualties. See Messenger, 181.
- ^ "Normandy and Falaise—April to August 1944". Das Reich. Archived from the original on December 8, 2010. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ "U.S. Airborne in Cotentin Peninsula". D-Day: Etats des Lieux. Archived from the original on October 12, 2008. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ Sunshine, Linda (July 24, 1998). Saving Private Ryan, The Men, The Mission, The Movie: A Steven Spielberg Movie. Newmarket Press. ISBN 1-55704-371-X.
- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 7, 2019. Retrieved June 27, 2021.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- ^ "Combat Footage". Saving Private Ryan Online Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on July 4, 2008. Retrieved September 8, 2008.
- ^ "Saving Private Ryan (1998) - Weekend Box Office Results - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. Archived from the original on December 15, 2018. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
- ^ "Saving Private Ryan (1998)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on August 17, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- ^ Turan, Kenneth (July 24, 1998). "Saving Private Ryan review". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007.
- ^ a b "Saving Private Ryan". Roger Ebert. Archived from the original on December 30, 2008. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ "Saving Private Ryan". Rotten Tomatoes. July 24, 1998. Archived from the original on December 25, 2019. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
- ^ "Saving Private Ryan". Metacritic. Archived from the original on November 12, 2020. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- ^ "Find CinemaScore" (Type "Saving private " in the search box). CinemaScore. Archived from the original on January 2, 2018. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
- ^ a b "Awards for Saving Private Ryan". Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on February 18, 2019. Retrieved September 6, 2008.
- ^ Siskel, Gene. "HEROIC 'RYAN' RINGS TRUE". chicagotribune.com. Archived from the original on September 26, 2018. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
- ^ "Siskel and Ebert Top Ten Lists (1969-1998)". www.innermind.com. Archived from the original on November 28, 2018. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
- ^ Ebert, Roger. "The Best 10 Movies of 1998 | Roger Ebert's Journal | Roger Ebert". www.rogerebert.com. Archived from the original on November 1, 2019. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
- ^ "Entertainment". Time. Archived from the original on December 13, 2018. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
- ^ "'Saving Private Ryan': EW review". EW.com. Archived from the original on December 15, 2018. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
- ^ TURAN, KENNETH (July 24, 1998). "Soldiers of Misfortune". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Archived from the original on December 7, 2017. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
- ^ Rosenbaum, Jonathan. "Saving Private Ryan". Chicago Reader. Archived from the original on December 15, 2018. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
- ^ "Who Is Spielberg to Claim His Is the Real War?". Observer. July 27, 1998. Archived from the original on December 15, 2018. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
- ^ "Saving Private Ryan – Film Review". Total Film. Archived from the original on June 10, 2008. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ "Veterans riled by Ryan". BBC. March 19, 1999. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ "LCM". Saving Private Ryan Online Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on June 16, 2008. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ Reynolds, Matthew. "Saving Private Ryan". Channel 4. Archived from the original on January 6, 2007. Retrieved September 6, 2008.
- ^ "Malaysia bans Spielberg's Prince". BBC. January 27, 1999. Archived from the original on March 6, 2012. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ Basinger, Jeanine (October 1998). "Translating War: The Combat Film Genre and Saving Private Ryan". Perspectives, the Newsmagazine of the American Historical Association. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
- ^ Halton, Beau (August 15, 1998). "'Saving Private Ryan' is too real for some". The Florida Times-Union. Jacksonville, Florida. Archived from the original on April 5, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2011.
- ^ McCrary, Lacy (August 6, 1998). "Watching 'Private Ryan,' Veterans Relive The Horrors Years From Omaha Beach, Pain Lingers". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Archived from the original on July 29, 2016. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
- ^ D'Arcy, David (May 25, 2010). "The world according to Oliver Stone". The National. Abu Dhabi. Archived from the original on August 16, 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- ^ "Film Scouts Interviews". Filmscouts.com. Archived from the original on May 7, 2013. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
- ^ Meeke, Kieran. "60 seconds interview: Richard Todd". Metro. Archived from the original on October 11, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
- ^ Paul, Fussell. "Uneasy Company". Slate. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
- ^ DiEugenio, James (September 20, 2016). Reclaiming Parkland: Tom Hanks, Vincent Bugliosi, and the JFK Assassination in the New Hollywood. New York: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc. p. 251. ISBN 9781510707771. Archived from the original on June 4, 2019. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
- ^ DiEugenio, Jim (October 29, 2013). "James DiEugenio, Reclaiming Parkland". Kennedy and King (formerly CTKA).
- ^ "1999 Oscars Ceremony". AMPAS. Archived from the original on November 2, 2017. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ Young, Josh (April 9, 1999). "Why did Private Ryan falter?". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on February 10, 2015. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- ^ Susman, Gary (February 20, 2013). "Oscar Robbery: 10 Controversial Best Picture Races". Time. Archived from the original on May 1, 2015. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- ^ Hyman, Nick (February 22, 2011). "The Least Deserving Best Picture Winners Since 1990". Metacritic. Archived from the original on March 23, 2015. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- ^ "Recount! Oscar Voters Today Would Make 'Brokeback Mountain' Best Picture Over 'Crash'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 22, 2019. Retrieved January 3, 2020.
- ^ Desowitz, Bill (May 20, 2001). "Cover Story; It's the Invasion of the WWII Movies". Los Angeles Times.
- ^ Nix (May 25, 2002). "Saving Private Ryan (1998) Movie Review". Beyond Hollywood. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ Chick, Tom (December 8, 2008). "A Close Encounter with Steven Spielberg". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on December 11, 2008. Retrieved December 11, 2008.
- ^ "AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition)". American Film Institute. 2007. Archived from the original on August 18, 2015. Retrieved October 23, 2010.
- ^ "AFI's 100 Years... 100 Thrills". American Film Institute. 2001. Archived from the original on December 25, 2013. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
- ^ "AFI's 100 Years... 100 Cheers" Archived December 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. American Film Institute. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
- ^ "AFI's 10 Top 10: Top 10 Epic". American Film Institute. 2008. Archived from the original on July 1, 2010. Retrieved October 23, 2010.
- ^ "Readers' Poll: The 25 Best Movies of the 1990s". Rolling Stone. April 30, 2014. Archived from the original on July 14, 2018. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- ^ "The 100 Greatest Movies". Empire. March 20, 2018. Archived from the original on July 28, 2017. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- ^ "50 Greatest Movie Moments". TV Guide. March 24, 2001. Archived from the original on September 4, 2008. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ "Letter from Robert Altman to Steven Spielberg, 1998. - Online Exhibits - MLibrary". Archived from the original on March 15, 2017. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
- ^ Quentin Tarantino's favorite WWII movies – Film – Time Out New York Archived December 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Time Out. (August 18, 2009). Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- ^ Radish, Christina (February 8, 2018). "Christopher Nolan on 'Dunkirk', Consulting Steven Spielberg, and Taking His Kids to 'Phantom Thread'". Collider. Archived from the original on July 1, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
- ^ Oldenburg, Ann (November 11, 2004). "Some stations shelved 'Private Ryan' amid FCC fears". USA Today. Archived from the original on September 5, 2008. Retrieved September 5, 2008.
- ^ Martin, Ed (November 17, 2004). "Return of Janet Jackson's Breast; "Saving Private Ryan" Controversy". mediaVillage. Archived from the original on March 26, 2008. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- ^ Sussman, Gary (November 11, 2004). "War of Attrition". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on June 22, 2009. Retrieved June 7, 2009.
- ^ Wood, Andrea (November 12, 2004). "Scaring Private Ryan: 20 ABC Affiliates Nix Movie". The Business Journal. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- ^ Scott, Mike (September 5, 2008). "TNT to show 'Saving Private Ryan' in HD". The Times-Picayune. Archived from the original on October 4, 2015. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- ^ Axmaker, Sean. "Saving Private Ryan". Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on October 15, 2015. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
- ^ Graser, Marc (July 29, 1999). "'Ryan's' next attack: sell-through market". Variety. Archived from the original on December 20, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2008.
- ^ "Dreamworks' Saving Private Ryan DVD press release". September 13, 1999. Archived from the original on July 24, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2008.
- ^ "The Matrix disc soars beyond 3 million mark". January 8, 2000. Archived from the original on August 10, 2007. Retrieved September 6, 2008.
- ^ Kelley III, Bill (July 22, 1999). "'Private Ryan' Is A No-Show On DVD Format". Virginian-Pilot.
- ^ "Saving Private Ryan: D-Day 60th Anniversary Commemorative Edition review". IGN. May 26, 2004. Archived from the original on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 6, 2008.
- ^ "Saving Private Ryan Blu-ray Announced". Blu-ray.com. February 8, 2010. Archived from the original on February 12, 2010. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- ^ Lawler, Richard (May 14, 2010). "Saving Private Ryan Blu-ray discs recalled due to audio glitch". Engadget. Archived from the original on December 7, 2012. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
- ^ "Steven Spielberg's 'Saving Private Ryan' Due on 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray May 8 for 20th Anniversary – Media Play News". www.mediaplaynews.com. Archived from the original on March 14, 2018. Retrieved March 27, 2018.