Shiblī Yousef Hamad al-Aysamī (Arabic: شبلي العيسمي), alternatively also Shibli-L-Aʾysami, al-Ayasami, al-Ayssami or al-ʿAisamī, (5 February 1925 – June 4, 2011) Druze-Syrian politician and Arab nationalist figure. He was born to a Druze family in al-Suwayda, Syria. He was kidnapped by unknown persons in Aley, Lebanon and is presumed to be dead.
In 1947, together with Michel Aflaq, he became a founding member of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party and from 1963 to 1964 he held different ministerial posts in the Syrian government. In 1964 he was elected as General Secretary of the Syrian Regional Command of the Ba'ath Party and in 1965 he became Vice President of Syria under Amin al-Hafiz.
Following the 1966 Syrian coup d'état which resulted in President al-Hafiz being overthrown and the creation of the Syrian-Iraqi rift, al-Aysami, then Vice President of Syria, fled to Iraq. In 1974 the Iraqi Branch of the Ba'ath Party installed a rival National Command of the Ba'ath Party with Michel Aflaq as General Secretary and al-Aysami as his deputy (until 1979).
In 1982 al-Hafiz and al-Aysami, together with Islamist, nationalist and leftist opposition groups founded the Iraqi-backed National Alliance for the Liberation of Syria, but in 1992 al-Aysami retired from political life. He remained in Iraq until the 2003 invasion of Iraq and fled to Egypt, then the United States and Yemen thereafter.
Berlin, February 2014: Ba'athist student in front of the Lebanese embassy reminding people of al-Aysamis's disappearance
In 2011 during a visit to Lebanon he was kidnapped by unknown militants and is presumed dead. His family accused the Syrian government of Bashar al-Assad for the kidnapping, after many witnesses came forth with evidence, however the Lebanese government was too weak to take measures against the Syrian government.
He was the great uncle of Tareck El Aissami, the former Vice President of Venezuela.
Shibli al-Aysami's books about concepts and history of the Ba'ath Party were translated into several languages, for example into German: Einheit, Freiheit, Sozialismus
(Unity, Freedom, Socialism) and Die Gründungsperiode in den vierziger Jahren
(The founding period in the 1940s)
- Muhafazat al-Suwayad (1962)
- La révolution arabe (1971)
- Arab Unity through experience (Beirut, 1971)
- Unity, Freedom, Socialism (Madrid, 1976)
- Arabische Sozialistische Ba'th Partei: Die Gründungsperiode in den vierziger Jahren (Varese, 1977)