Souhaila Sami Andrawes Sayeh (Arabic: سهيلة أندراوس born 28 March 1953 in Beirut) is a former militant and Lebanese member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). In 1977 she participated in the hijacking of Lufthansa Flight 181 and the murder of pilot Jürgen Schumann. Andrawes was the only one of the four hijackers to survive the GSG 9 storming of the plane in Mogadishu. During the rescue operation, she was shot in the legs and lungs.
Andrawes was sentenced to twenty years imprisonment in Somalia, but was released a year later due to health-related issues, after which she moved to Beirut. In 1991, she moved to Oslo with her husband Palestinian academic and human rights activist Dr. Ahmad Abu Matar, and her daughter until she was tracked down by Norwegian Police Security Service (PST) in 1994 and handed over to Germany in 1995. The arrest was followed by a strong debate on how to deal with foreign terrorists. She was sentenced to 12 years on terrorism charges and was released after three years due to poor health. She was the first woman to be sentenced twice for such a crime. Andrawes has since resided in Oslo, Norway with her husband and their daughter.
- ^ "Woman Tied to 1977 Hijacking Fights Extradition to Germany". The New York Times. 9 January 1995. Retrieved 12 March 2010.
- ^ Norwaves Volume 4, nr 45, 1996
- ^ Taillon, J. Paul de B. (2002). Hijacking and Hostages: Government Responses to Terrorism. Praeger Publishers. p. 144.
- ^ World News Briefs; Norway Gives Germany A Palestinian Hijacker, The New York Times, November 26, 1995
- ^ "Souhaila Andrawes to be extradited to Germany", Royal Ministry of Justice, Norwegian press release on Andrawes' extradition, October 10, 1995
- ^ Air Watch – September to November 1999 November 12, 1999 entry
- ^ Souhaila Andrawes to be released tomorrow Dagbladet, November 29, 1999 (in Norwegian)
- ^ "Eine Angeklagte leidet – doch ihre Opfer nicht minder" by Uwe Bahnsen, Die Welt, 29 April 1996 (in German)