Stalin Prize badge on a stamp
The USSR State Prize (Russian: Госуда́рственная пре́мия СССР, Gosudarstvennaya premiya SSSR) was the Soviet Union's state honor. It was established on September 9, 1966. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, the prize was followed up by the State Prize of the Russian Federation.
The State Stalin Prize (Государственная Сталинская премия, Gosudarstvennaya Stalinskaya premiya), usually called the Stalin Prize, existed from 1941 to 1954, although some sources give a termination date of 1952. It essentially played the same role; therefore upon the establishment of the USSR State Prize, the diplomas and badges of the recipients of Stalin Prize were changed to that of USSR State Prize.
In 1944 and 1945, the last two years of the Second World War, the award ceremonies for the Stalin Prize were not held. Instead, in 1946 the ceremony was held twice: in January for the works created in 1943–1944 and in June for the works of 1945.
USSR State Prize of 1st, 2nd and 3rd degrees was awarded annually to individuals in the fields of science, mathematics, literature, arts, and architecture to honor the most prominent achievements which either advanced the Soviet Union or the cause of socialism. Often the prize was awarded to specific works rather than to individuals.
Each constituent Soviet republic (SSR) and autonomous republic (ASSR) also had a State Prize (or Stalin Prize).
The Stalin Prize was an honor different from the Stalin Peace Prize. The latter was created on 21 December 1949 and was usually awarded to foreign recipients rather than to Soviet citizens.
It should also not be confused with the Lenin Prize.
Recipients of the State Stalin Prize in science and engineering by year
This section does not cite any sources
. (December 2011)
Laureates for this year were officially announced in 1946.
Laureates for this year were officially announced in 1946
- Andrei Sakharov: 1st degree, physics
- V. Alexandrov (Russian: Александров В. В.), Yu. Bazilevsky (Russian: Базилевский Ю. Я.), D. Zhuchkov (Russian: Жучков Д. А.), I. Lygin (Russian: Лыгин И. Ф.), G. Markov (Russian: Марков Г. Я.), B. Melnikov (Russian: Мельников Б. Ф.), G. Prokudayev (Russian: Прокудаев Г. М.), B. Rameyev, N. Trubnikov (Russian: Трубников Н. Б.), A. Tsygankin (Russian: Цыганкин А. П.), Yu. Shcherbakov (Russian: Щербаков Ю. Ф.) and L. Larionova (Russian: Ларионова Л.А.) – Strela computer development team: 1st degree
- Igor Tamm: physics
- Igor Kurchatov: physics
Recipients of the State Stalin Prize in arts by year
- Grigori Aleksandrov, Isaak Dunayevsky, and Lyubov Orlova: film Circus (1936)
- Grigori Aleksandrov, Nikolai Erdman, Isaak Dunayevsky, Lyubov Orlova, and Igor Ilyinsky: film Volga-Volga (1938)
- Hamo Beknazarian, Avet Avetisyan, and Hrachia Nersisyan: film Zangezur (1938)
- Mikheil Chiaureli and Spartak Bagashvili: film Arsena (1937)
- Mikheil Chiaureli and Mikheil Gelovani: film The Great Dawn (1938)
- Mark Donskoy and Varvara Massalitinova: films The Childhood of Maxim Gorky (1938) and On His Own (1939)
- Alexander Dovzhenko, Yevgeny Samoylov, and Ivan Skuratov: film Shchors (1939)
- Efim Dzigan: film The Sailors of Kronstadt (1936)
- Efim Dzigan and Vsevolod Vishnevsky: film If War Comes Tomorrow (1938)
- Sergei Eisenstein, Pyotr Pavlenko, Nikolai Cherkasov, and Andrei Abrikosov: film Alexander Nevsky (1938)
- Fridrikh Ermler, Nikolay Bogolyubov, and Aleksandr Zrazhevsky: film The Great Citizen (1938–1939)
- Sergei Gerasimov and Tamara Makarova: film The New Teacher (1939)
- Yevgeni Ivanov-Barkov, Alty Karliyev, and Nina Alisova: film Dursun (1941)
- Iosif Kheifits and Aleksandr Zarkhi: film Baltic Deputy (1937)
- Grigori Kozintsev, Leonid Trauberg, and Boris Chirkov: films The Youth of Maxim (1935), The Return of Maxim (1937), and The Vyborg Side (1939)
- Leonid Lukov and Pavel Nilin: film A Great Life (Part I) (1940)
- Vladimir Petrov, Nikolai Simonov, and Mikhail Zharov: film Peter the First (1937–1938)
- Vsevolod Pudovkin, Mikhail Doller, Boris Livanov, and Aleksandr Khanov: film Minin and Pozharsky (1939)
- Vsevolod Pudovkin, Mikhail Doller, Nikolai Cherkasov-Sergeyev, and Aleksandr Khanov: film Suvorov (1941)
- Ivan Pyryev, Nikolai Kryuchkov, and Marina Ladynina: film Tractor-Drivers (1939)
- Yuli Raizman, Ivan Peltser, and Nikolai Dorokhin: film Last Night (1937)
- Gerbert Rappaport, Aleksandr Ivanovsky, Sergei Lemeshev, and Erast Garin: film Musical Story (1940)
- Mikhail Romm, Aleksei Kapler, Boris Shchukin, and Nikolai Okhlopkov: films Lenin in October (1937) and Lenin in 1918 (1939)
- Nikoloz Shengelaia: film Eliso (1928)
- Nikoloz Shengelaia and Nato Vachnadze: film Orange Valley (1937)
- Georgi Vasilyev, Sergei Vasilyev, and Boris Babochkin: film Chapaev (1939)
- Sergei Yutkevich and Leonid Lyubashevsky: film Yakov Sverdlov (1940)
- Aleksandr Zguridi, Gleb Troyanski, and Boris Dolin: documentary film In the Depths of the Sea (1938)
- Aleksandr Zguridi and Gleb Troyanski: documentary film Force of Life (1940)
- Ilya Kopalin: documentary film On Danube (1940)
- Uzeyir Hajibeyov: Ker oghlu, opera
- Aram Khachaturian: Violin Concerto
- Nikolai Myaskovsky: Symphony No. 21
- Mark Reizen: opera singer, bass
- Sergei Sergeyev-Tsensky: literature
- Yuri Shaporin: On the Field of Kulikovo, cantata
- Dmitri Shostakovich: Piano Quintet
- Aleksey Shchusev, architecture
- Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov: literature
- Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy: literature, for Peter I
- Aleksandr Tvardovsky:literature
- Olga Lepeshinskaya: ballet
- Vera Mukhina: sculptor
Prokofiev sonata no 7
The awards for this year were given in 1946
The awards for this year were given in 1946
- Rza Tahmasib: cinema, for The Cloth-Peddler (Arshin Mal Alan)
- Arnold Azrikan: dramatic tenor, Otello
- Sergei Aslamazyan: cellist
- Mikola Bazhan: literature, for In the Days of War (1945?)
- Yuri Bilibin: geology
- Sergei Eisenstein: cinema, for Ivan the Terrible, Part I
- Alexander Fadeyev: literature, for The Young Guard (1st edition, 1945)
- Samuil Feinberg: Piano Concerto No. 2
- Emil Gilels: pianist
- Reinhold Glière: Concerto for voice and orchestra
- Dmitri Kabalevsky: String Quartet No. 2
- Gara Garayev: The Motherland, opera
- Jovdat Hajiyev: The Motherland, opera
- Veniamin Kaverin: literature, for The Two Captains
- Aram Khachaturian: Symphony No. 2
- Tikhon Khrennikov: At 6 p.m. after the War, music from the film
- Boris Liatoshinsky: Ukrainian Quintet
- Samuil Marshak: literature, for the play Twelve Months
- Peretz Markish: literature
- Vera Inber: poetry
- Sulamith Messerer: ballet choreography
- Nikolai Miaskovsky: String Quartet No. 9 – Cello Concerto
- Vano Muradeli: Symphony No. 2
- Vera Panova: literature, for Sputniki
- Gavriil Nikolayevich Popov: Symphony No. 2
- Sergei Orlov: Sculpture
- Sergei Prokofiev: Symphony No. 5 – Piano Sonata No. 8 – Cinderella Ballet
- Alexander Prokofyev: poetry, for the 1944 poem "Rossiya"
- Yuri Shaporin: Story of the Battle for the Russian Land
- Andrei Shtogarenko: My Ukraine, symphony
- Georgi Sviridov: Piano Trio
- Aleksey Shchusev, architecture
- Vikenty Veresaev, literature
- Yevgeny Vuchetich, sculpture
- Stepan Malkhasyants, philologist, for writing Armenian Explanatory Dictionary
- Fikret Amirov: Symphonic Mughams
- Alexander Arutiunian: The Motherland, cantata
- Vasiliy Nikolaevich Azhaev: literature for Far From Moscow (1949)
- Fyodor Fedorovsky: scenic design
- Sergei Gerasimov, Vladimir Rapoport, Vladimir Ivanov, Inna Makarova, Nonna Mordyukova, Sergei Gurzo, Lyudmila Shagalova, and Viktor Khokhryakov for the film The Young Guard (1948)
- Feodor Vasilyevich Gladkov: literature, for Story of My Childhood (1949?)
- Dmitri Kabalevsky: Violin Concerto
- Yuri Grigorievich Laptev: 3rd class, literature, for Zarya (1948)
- Vera Panova: literature, for The Bright Shore
- Faina Ranevskaya: for outstanding creative achievements on theater stage
- Ottilia Reizman: 2nd degree, for the film The Guardian of the World (1948)
- Fyodor Pavlovich Reshetnikov: art
- Sandro Shanshiashvili: for his poetry and plays
- Yevgeny Vuchetich, sculpture
- Ivan Vasilenko: literature, for The Little Star
- Tugelbay Sydykbekov: 3rd class, Kyrgyz writer of prose fiction, for his novel Bizdin zamandyn kišileri ("People of our time", 1947)
- Osip Abdulov: 2nd degree, actor
- Arno Babadzhanian: Heroic Ballad
- Vladimir Belyayev: literature for The Old Fortress: A Trilogy
- Sergei Bondarchuk: Taras Shevchenko
- Nikolai Cherkasov: for the film Alexander Popov (the role of Alexander Popov).
- Isaak Dunaevsky: Music to the film The Kuban' Cossacks
- Gevorg Emin: book of poetry New Road
- Bruno Freindlich: for the film Alexander Popov (the role of Guglielmo Marconi).
- German Galynin: Epic Poem
- Edouard Grikurov: conductor (music)
- Aleksandras Gudaitis-Guzevičius, book Kalvio Ignoto teisybė (The truth of blacksmith Ignotas)
- Dmitri Kabalevsky: Taras's Family, opera
- Jan Kapr: New Czechoslovakia, film music
- Nikolai Myaskovsky: Symphony No. 27 – String Quartet No. 13
- Sergei Prokofiev: On Guard for Peace, oratorio
- Vsevolod Pudovkin, Anatoli Golovnya, Vissarion Shebalin, and Vladimir Belokurov: film Zhukovsky (1950)
- Faina Ranevskaya: for the film U nih est' Rodina (They Have Their Motherland)
- Ottilia Reizman: 3rd degree for the film Glory of Labor (1949)
- Fyodor Pavlovich Reshetnikov: art (second time)
- Anatoly Rybakov: literature
- Otar Taktakishvili: Symphony No. 1
- Teofilis Tilvytis, poem Usnynė
- Yuri Trifonov, literature for Students
- Suleiman Yudakov: composer, musician (composed the Tajik National Anthem)
Recipients of the USSR State Prize in science and engineering by year
The developer of the KT315 transistor.
Moshe Sneideris - Medical Xerography
- Nikolay Basov: physics
- Alexei Fridman, Nikolai Gor'kavyi: science and technology, for predicting of a system of new satellites of Uranus based on developed theory of collective and collisional processes in planetary rings.
Recipients of the USSR State Prize in literature and arts by year
- Alykul Osmonov: poetry; for his efforts to modernize Kyrgyz literature
- Jahangir Jahangirov:composer, conductor and choirmaster
- Mirza Ibrahimov: writer, playwright
- Mehdi Huseyn: writer and critic; for “Absheron” novel (1947)
- Bulbul: opera tenor, folk music performer, and one of the founders of vocal arts and national musical theatre
- Omar Eldarov: sculptor; for monument-ensemble to Sadriddin Ayni in Dushanbe
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- ^ "Вейнгеров Марк Леонидович". Virtual Museumof ITMO University.
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- ^ a b c "Умер научный руководитель концерна ВКО "Алмаз-Антей" Анатолий Савин". Lenta.ru. 28 March 2016.
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